Focal Points with Sujit Choudhry

Professor Sujit Choudhry is well known around the world and is considered a scholar ( He researches anything from constitutional law and politics to constitutional courts. he has just written a peace on the former Attorney General under President Obama Eric Holder. Eric sent out a tweet regarding the firing of Bob Mueller calling it crossing the red line. Sujit explains that is shocking that someone who held a seat that was the embodiment of upholding law, is now expecting the people of the country to protest. Holding them accountable without even mentioning a legal attempt to get the outcome Holder is looking for.

Focal points are important to democracy for example, Presidents can not serve more than two terms. Trying to run again or making it so elections cant take place is breaking those focal points. This is called democratic failure, when the leader of the free world decides to seize the power without being told they can. When this happens and focal points are broken this allows people to call upon the citizens to take control and over turn the government in the name of democracy.

Sujit Choudhry makes it clear that the political sphere our country is in right now is leading down the road of breaking democracy. It may come down to the citizens of the US to take control. The time to call a spade a spade is now and if the legal system wont do it the people will more than likely take the streets. So that they can be seen and heard just like the constitution says we should be.

Sujit Choudhry has been a constitutional adviser for over twenty years, and works to create public dialog. Along with that he has helped over five countries create constitutions ( Sujit has written close to one-hundred article and books over the years. It’s safe to say he knows what he’s doing, and that we should really listen to what he has to say. His explanation of focal points and where we are politically in the US is very in depth.

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Sujit Choudhry, a renowned researcher for constitutional law.

Sujit Choudhry, a renowned researcher for constitutional law.

Sujit Choudhry is a famous researcher and has the authority that is recognized internationally in the matters of constitutional law and political issues. Sujit Choudhry has extensive knowledge concerning constitutional law and has had the experience in the process of building the constitution. He has worked with countries such as Egypt, Libya, Tunisia just to mention a few.

Sujit Choudhry’s research mainly addresses issues on comparative constitutional law and is used as a tool to manage the change from violent conflict to democratic politics which are peaceful ( The constitution design also affects aspects such as minority and group rights, the policy of official language, bill of rights and the transition from an authoritarian regime to a democratic regime. Sujit Choudhry has also written in depth about the constitutional law for Canada.

Sujit’s recent work is that of a publication of a book chapter that is bound to be released called ‘Constitutional Democracies in Crisis.’ This was drawn from a tweet by the former attorney general in the former president Obama government which stated that the termination of Robert Mueller who is a White House Special Counsel would be a matter of ‘absolute red line.’ In his tweet, the former attorney general went ahead to state that if a situation of the sort were to arise, then it would lead to peaceful demonstrations and popular mass action. Sujit Choudhry pointed out that this tweet was based on two concepts. One concept was that the red line insinuated was symbolic and the second concept is that it was up to the American people to conclude if the officials had misused the authority.

Also, Sujit Choudhry notes that the resulting action of the people of America would determine the end solution of the issue. Choudhry argues that the tweet revolved around the idea of the constitution enforcing itself and the concept of a focal point. Choudhry states an example of a focal point as the presidential terms in most parts of the world which are limited to two years. The focal point is broken if one wants to stay in office for a longer time-declaring state of emergency or suspending elections- and hence their political opponents would take citizens to the streets so that they could stop such attempts. Sujit Choudhry concludes that the tweet of the former chief officer of law enforcement of America when taken in a specific context it is proof of a failed democracy. This conclusion is drawn from the fact that the former attorney general did not put forward any legal challenge concerning the resolution of the matter concerning Robert Mueller. Check to learn more about Choudhry.

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Bruno Fagali: Brazilian’s Favorite Lawyer

Bruno Fagali is a very big name in the law fraternity and happens to be a very famous Brazilian Lawyer. His practice is based in Brazil and happens to be the founder of Fagali advocacy. He has specialized in various law branches such as electoral, regulatory, compliance, urban ethics, and administrative law. He has a wide range of expertise in the field and has great skills that have branded him a great tag in his niche of expertise.

Bruno Fagali, before establishing the famous Fagali advocacy whereby he has been practicing as an independent attorney. Besides that, the great attorney possesses great management skills and is the current Corporate Integrity Manager in Nova. He has done tremendously well in the industry and has been pushing for better laws in the industry. He has prowess in dealing with public laws, and also the world greatest enemy called corruption.

Follow Bruno Fagali on Twitter.

Bruno Fagali has had an awesome time in the profession, and this has been of great impact to his career. After Bruno finished his high school, he had performed exemplary well and decided to venture in the field of law. He has the passion of becoming a great and a famous Brazilian lawyer. It is as per the Brazilian statutes that anyone willing to join the profession must undergo thorough training. A person must join a reputable institution for an undergraduate degree and then later join a school of law recognized for professionalism training. That is when one is required to pass the Bar exam so that he can qualify to represent them in a court of law to represent a client.

Bruno Fagali was not left behind and joined the famous Pontifical Catholic University that is based in Sao Paulo for a bachelors degree in law. He specialized in administrative law and later pursued his master’s degree at the University of Sao Paulo based in Sao Paulo City. He has perfected his skills by doing the relevant research required to make one a great lawyer in the Brazilian law sector. He has also changed the lives of so many aspiring lawyers who have been working on making their lives better.

Learn more about Bruno Fagali: .Wc1e_hNSxTY

The Brazilian Legal Profession and Ricardo Tosto’s Impact

Brief Overview of Brazil Legal Field.

The legal field remains one of the most desired positions in the society today. This post is not new in Brazil but one that has been witnessed for as long as the law has existed. The lawyers in anooy part of the globe play a central role in ensuring justice is upheld in the society. They act as advocates for people who may not have necessary legal knowledge, skills, and attitudes to help them in the courts. Like any other nation in the world, lawyers in Brazil are among the highest income earners in the corporate world. In fact, the impact of lawyers in Brazil has been so significant that they have shaped the ideals and some cultural aspects in the land.

Currently, in the nation of Brazil, there are over six hundred thousand practicing lawyers spread across the country. However, most of them are in the major cities since that is where the courts are, and the populations is also high increasing the possibility of getting clients in need of their services. As such, about 17% of the lawyers are located in Rio de Janeiro and about 33% in Sao Paulo and Ricardo on Facebook.

There are various academic requirements that a person should fulfill to be allowed to practice law in Brazil. First, one is required to complete a five-year course study about the law after which they must pass the bar exams that follow shortly after. These bar examinations are commonly called Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil and learn more about Ricardo.

The reputable Lawyer, Ricardo Tosto

Ricardo Tosto is among the famous strategists and leaders in the legal field of Brazil. This reputation has been attained after many years of hard work, research and exposure to law-related aspects. His focus on acquiring knowledge and skills related to the law have seen him endure through various obstacles in his pursuit of success.

Ricardo Tosto began his legal practice in a small office which today is a corporate litigation firm, one whose services are high quality. Later, he started his own firm as he had gained enough experience and exposure to run his own firm. Ricardo Tosto is one of the biggest law firms in Brazil and more information click here.

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Sujit Choudhry could be the Man behind our Recent Amended Constitution

Days come and go, and just as the sun rises in the east and sets in the west, we create laws to govern ourselves, but at times we break them. However, with or without knowledge interpretation of legislation in the constitution requires assistance from persons with experience like Sujit Choudhry. Speaking to CEOCFO, Sujit head of The Center for Constitutional Transitions, says that his firm focuses on bringing together international experts from more than 25 countries targeting to provide adequate knowledge to support constitution building.  For the full interview, click this.

He partners with other multilateral organizations and NGOs to produce evidence-based policies that are vital to decision making. Further, from his global experience in amending and writing new constitutions, he noted that lack of adequate up to date research hinders the ability of constitutional advice. Therefore, this pushed him to start his organization to provide solutions to such problems.  Check for additional article.

With the growth of interest towards interpreting the Constitution, he says America in affected therefore it has to learn from other countries’ failures and success. That will help in mainstreaming legal, political analysis. Additionally, as a reward for working globally, one should not assume that he or she knows the truth, therefore when in a new environment integrate with it, this way it helps you be aware of their needs. As an approach to achieve his goals, for every setback, it prepares him for a comeback thus it is his key to success while never letting the perfect be an enemy of the good.

As for this fall, he prepares for the completion of three research projects having partnered with International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.  More to read on

Head over to to read Sujit latest written article.

Sujit whose authority is recognized internationally the director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions and an advisor too. He combines a range of research agendas with broad field experience in creating constitutions. However, Sujit Choudhry is an author and has published several books. He served as Dean, at the Berkeley School of Law. Further just as his parents are both Professors, he is Michael Heyman Professor of Law at the University of California. Yes, we can and already here is the man to amend our constitution.   For his latest tweets, follow this link on

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Tony Petrello leads Nabors Industries through experience and skill

Tony Petrello has been in an executive position of one form or another with Nabors Industries for over 25 years. After coming on board and 1991, Anthony Petrello saved the firm from an almost certain bankruptcy. Through his strong leadership and vision, Petrello has since led the company to become one of the leading operators of drilling assets throughout the United States and across the globe.

Through his tenure at Nabors Industries, Petrello has made a number of novel and innovative moves that have collectively resulted in stunning performance, both in the stock market and in the field. One of these initiatives that Petrello undertook shortly after gaining an executive role at the company was the reincorporation of Nabors Industries as a Bermuda special tax entity. Using his experience as a corporate restructuring lawyer, Petrello navigated the complex legal maneuvers necessary to completely shield many aspects of Nabors Industries’ business from U.S. tax collectors.

But his leadership was no less influential on other aspects of the business. Petrello decided to pursue a strategy of developing new technologies that would be in high demand for the extraction of land-based hard oil assets. This led to Nabors Industries being strategically positioned as one of the most capable land-based drillers in North America.

This has proven to be a boon to its business. During the oil boom that centered around the tar sands of Alberta and the Bakken Shale of North Dakota, Nabors Industries became one of the go-to companies for all oil drilling services in North America.


Sujit Choudhry is a popular advisor on comparative constitutional law international. He combines a wide range of research agendas with a lot of experience. Sujit involves his plans with countries such as Jordan, Libya, South Africa, Ukraine, Tunisia Nepal, and Jordan. Sujit defines law at the University of California. Michael Heyman was the Cecelia Goetz professor of law at New York University before joining California University. Michael is a recognized politician. He does politics to support his law activities in Canada.  For more reading, visit

Choudhry holds more than one degree of law from Harvard, Oxford, and Tunisia Universities. He once served as a law clerk of Chief Justice Antonio Lamer of the Supreme Court of Canada.

Professor Choudhry’s addresses are based on a variety of issue concerning constitutional design, politics and constitutional law.   Related article on law.nyu.eduHe has successfully published more than nine articles in these fields. Some of these articles are the oxford handbook of the Indian constitution, an international society of public law, and the editorial advisory board of Cambridge studies in constitutional law.

Sujit Choudhry is also the founder of Center of Constitutional Transitions. This organization mobilizes and generates energy in order to support constitutional building. There are more than 25 countries that are involved with logistics brought forward by Michael. Most of these countries have gained electoral assistance and international institute for Democracy. Choudhry is the leader of global collaborative research projects. He deals with security sector reform, constitutional reforms and protecting democratic consolidation.  For updates on Sujit’s timeline activities, check on

So far, Sujit Choudhry is a member of United Nations mediation roster, follow Sujit on his page.. He has also been a good consultant to United Nations development and World Bank institute. We recognize his good work of partnership and membership. It has brought a lot of improvement in many democratic countries. Michael is the writer of many Canadian constitutional laws.  Check this relevant  interview with Sujit here.

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